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An old form of treatment that originated in China in which long needles of steel, silver or gold are placed in the subcutaneous connective tissue in precisely determined spots of the body, known as acupuncture points. The general concept is that bodily functions are regulated by an energy called Qi, which flows through the body. Disruptions of this flow are believed to cause disease and by stimulating certain acupuncture points one can correct imbalances in the flow of Qi, through channels known as meridians. To understand the traditional theoretical framework, i.e. the anatomy and the physiology of the acupuncture points in a human body, so-called acupuncture dolls are used.