Name for a group of small crawling invertebrate arthropods that
belong to the class Diplopoda. The
name is a compound from the Latin words mille, meaning
and ped which means
The most commonly found type in Southeast Asia, are those of the
order Spirobolida, the so-called round-backed millipedes, with a
rounded, long segmented wormlike body, with two pairs of legs on
Thailand has many different species, yet one kind seems particularly
prevalent, and though it is generally referred to as
Rusty Millipede or Rust-coloured Millipede, its body colour may
actually vary from
fawn and tawny to
and is hence also commonly referred to as Common Asian Millipede,
and with the scientific designation Trigoniulus corallinus.
Its legs are either in the same colour or in a different colour from that of the body,
and though variable in size, it is typically about 15 cm long.
live in damp,
dark places, feeding mainly on rotting vegetation, such as decaying
leaves, fruits (fig.)
and other dead plant matter, as well as on mushrooms. When they
are or feel threatened they will curl up
into a spiral and stay still (fig.).
Whilst most species are harmless, some have a poisonous sting or
bite, whilst some can excrete an offensive odour. In the mating
season, they come out of their hiding places, often in large
quantities, in order to find a partner to mate (fig.),
and in the process can even be found climbing obstacles they would
normally rather avoid, such as trees (fig.),
termite mounts, etc. Also milliped, millepede and milleped. In Thai named
but centipedes are insect eaters, whereas millipedes are
vegetarians, and while centipedes have just one set of legs per
segment, millipedes have two sets of legs per segment,
as well as more segments.