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pahng bamphen thukkarakiriyah (ปางบำเพ็ญทุกรกิริยา)

Thai-Rajasap. ‘The pose of practicing suffering’ or ‘the attitude of observing mortification’. Another name for pahng thukkarakiriyah (fig.), a style of Buddha image in the attitude of mortification (fig.). The word bamphen may mean ‘to conduct’, ‘to practice’, ‘to observe’, ‘to do’ or ‘to make’ and is typically used in combination with religious terms, e.g. to observe precepts, to practice virtue, to make merit, to do penance, etc. See also pahng thukkarakiriyah.