pahng bamphen thukkarakiriyah (ปางบำเพ็ญทุกรกิริยา)
pose of practicing suffering’ or ‘the attitude of observing mortification’. Another name for
thukkarakiriyah (fig.), a style of
Buddha image in the attitude of mortification (fig.).
The word bamphen may mean ‘to conduct’, ‘to practice’, ‘to observe’, ‘to do’ or
‘to make’ and is typically used in combination with religious terms, e.g. to
observe precepts, to practice virtue, to make merit, to do penance, etc. See