A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z




Saint Andrew's Cathedral

Name of an Anglican cathedral in downtown Singapore and the oldest Anglican site of worship in the nation state. Initially, the Anglican community worshipped in a wooden and thatch-roofed mission chapel located, where the Raffles Hotel (fig.) is today. The then Chaplain for the Mission Chapel desired a proper house of worship and in 1834 sufficient funds were raised to start building a church on land allocated by Stamford Raffles a decade years earlier, after the Jackson Plan, named after Lieutenant Philip Jackson, the colony’s engineer who on the request of Raffles in 1822 drew up reconstruction plans for the new British trading port settlement founded  in January 1819, in which land was demarcated in a grid pattern for different government buildings, residential areas for ethnic groups, trade, and public activities, which also included provisions for a church. Since a substantial portion of the initial funds was raised by the Scottish community, the church was named after Saint Andrew, one of the 12 Apostles of Christ and the patron saint of Scotland. The foundation stone of the original church building was laid on Monday 9th November 1835. It was designed by George Drumgoole Coleman in the neo-classical style and inspired by the symmetrical sensibilities of classical Greek and Roman architecture. The church held its first service on 18 June 1837 and was consecrated a year later by the Right Revd Daniel Wilson, the Bishop of Calcutta, who had jurisdiction over Singapore. In 1842, a spire was added to distinguish the sacred edifice from surrounding civic buildings. However, the spire was struck twice by lightning in 1845 and 1849, and though there were no injuries, church services were discontinued in 1852 for safety reasons and in 1855 plans for a new church building were approved. The foundation stone for the new and present building was laid in 1856. The first service was held on 1st October 1861 and consecrated in 1862. It was designed by Colonel Ronald MacPherson in the neo-Gothic architectural style and built to accommodate around 300 seated worshippers. Like many buildings in Singapore at that time, it was constructed with the use of Indian convict labour. The church was built under the supervision of John F. A. McNair who was appointed executive engineer and superintendent of convicts in 1857. Fluent in Hindi, McNair had only one European assistant while the rest of his crew were convict labourers from India. In 1870, St. Andrew’s Church became a Cathedral serving the Diocese of Labuan and Sarawak. Unlike the earlier edifice, the present structure has lasted for more than 150 years, standing as a quiet witness to the generations of Christians that have come through its doors to find an oasis in the heart of a bustling city-state. The building consists of a nave with north and south aisles. The north and south transepts, originally built as porches for carriages, have in later years been extended to provide halls, meeting rooms and offices. Another extension known as the Cathedral New Sanctuary was started in November 2003 and completed and consecrated in 2005 by Bishop John Chew, resulting in the Cathedral Welcome Centre and The Chapel of All Peoples located on street level, while two storeys below street level there is an underground worship hall. Information plaques with text and photos are erected in the open-air corridor that connects the Cathedral with the is new extension, depicting the church's legacy and some of the highlights in its history, such as when the Cathedral in 1942 was used as an emergency hospital before the fall of Singapore. WATCH VIDEO.