Shwesandaw Phaya (ရွှေဆံတော်ဘုရား)
Name of a Buddhist pagoda in
which was by
after his conquest of
in 1057 AD and
to enshrine some sacred hairs of the
were obtained from
It consists of five terraces, with a bell-shaoed
that risies from two octagonal bases two octagonal
bases, while the pinnacle of the bell
is topped with a
i.e. the tiered and ornamented finial in the form of a lacy umbrella used to crown the spires of Burmese
The original hti, which was toppled by an earthquake and has been erected on the
side of the pagoda, while a new one was fitted soon after. The sides of the terraces once contained
tiles depicting scenes
pagoda reportedly has a height of 99.9 meters, making it one of the tallest
monuments of Bagan and thrashing
which —with a height of just over 60 meters— is the area's tallest temple.
In the middle of each of the four sides of the terraces of Shwesandaw Phaya,
there is a steep stairway that can be climbed to the topmost terrace, which is a
popular spot overlooking the surrounding plane and its many temples and stupas (fig.).
The pagoda was formerly also known as
after the elephant-headed
whose images once stood at the corners of the five successive terraces.